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Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving Day in America is a time to offer thanks, of family gatherings and  holiday meals. A time of turkeys, stuffing, and pumpkin pie. A time for  Indian corn, holiday parades and giant balloons

In 1621, after a  hard and devastating first year in the New World the Pilgrim's fall  harvest was very successful and plentiful. There was corn,
fruits,  vegetables, along with fish which was packed in salt, and meat that was  smoke cured over fires. They found they had enough food to put away for  the winter.

The Pilgrims had beaten the odds. They built homes in the wilderness, they raised enough crops to keep them alive during the  long coming winter, and they were at peace with their Indian neighbors.  Their Governor, William Bradford, proclaimed a day of thanksgiving that  was to be shared by all the colonists and the neighboring Native  American Indians.

The custom of an annually celebrated  thanksgiving, held after the harvest, continued through the years.  During the American Revolution (late 1770's) a day of national  thanksgiving was suggested by the Continental Congress.

In 1817  New York State adopted Thanksgiving Day as an annual custom. By the  middle of the 19th century many other states also celebrated a  Thanksgiving Day. In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln appointed a national day of thanksgiving. Since then each president has issued a  Thanksgiving Day proclamation, usually designating the fourth Thursday  of each November as the holiday.

Thanksgiving, das amerikanische Erntedankfest, wird immer am vierten Donnerstag im  November gefeiert. Viele Amerikaner nehmen sich auch den darauffolgenden Freitag frei und fahren fuer dieses lange Wochenende oft sehr weite  Strecken um zu Hause bei Familie und Freunden zu feiern.

Thanksgiving Day spielt in Amerika eine besonders grosse Rolle, weil man ihn bis in  die Zeit der Pilgervaeter zurueckverfolgt. Nach einem ersten harten Winter in der Neuen Welt, in dem etwa die Haelfte von ihnen starb, wandten sie  sich hilfesuchend an die benachbarten Indianerstaemme, die ihnen zeigten  wie man Mais und andere einheimische Pflanzen anbaut. Die reiche Ernte  des naechsten Herbstes veranlasste die Pilgrims ein Erntedankfest zu  feiern. Dieses Erntedankfest wurde zu einer amerikanischen Tradition.

Heute noch kommt meist die ganze Familie, einschliesslich Grosseltern, Tanten,  Onkeln, Cousins und erwachsener Kinder zum traditionellen Thanksgiving  Essen zusammen. Dabei gibt es meist Aehnliche Gerichte wie am ersten  Thanksgiving-Fest, naemlich gebratenen Truthahn mit Preiselbeersauce,  Suesskartoffeln und "pumpkin pie".

Thanks_Corn
Thanks_IndianCorn

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