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Mothers Day

Contrary to popular belief, Mother's Day was not conceived and fine-tuned in the boardroom
of Hallmark. The earliest tributes to mothers date back to the annual spring festival the
Greeks dedicated to Rhea, the mother of many deities, and to the offerings ancient Romans
made to their Great Mother of Gods, Cybele. Christians celebrated this festival on the
fourth Sunday in Lent in honor of Mary, mother of Christ. In England this holiday was
expanded to include all mothers and was called Mothering Sunday.

In the United States, Mother's Day started nearly 150 years ago, when Anna Jarvis, an
Appalachian homemaker, organized a day to raise awareness of poor health conditions in her
community, a cause she believed would be best advocated by mothers. She called it "Mother's
Work Day."

At first, people observed Mother's Day by attending church, writing letters to their
mothers, and eventually, by sending cards, presents, and flowers. With the increasing gift
giving activity associated with Mother's Day, Anna Jarvis became enraged. She believed that
the day's sentiment was being sacrificed at the expense of greed and profit. In 1923 she
filed a lawsuit to stop a Mother's Day festival, and was even arrested for disturbing the
peace at a convention selling carnations for a war mother's group. Before her death in 1948,
Jarvis is said to have confessed that she regretted ever starting the mother's day

Despite Jarvis's misgivings, Mother's Day has flourished in the United States. In fact, the
second Sunday of May has become the most popular day of the year to dine out, and telephone
lines record their highest traffic, as sons and daughters everywhere take advantage of this
day to honor and to express appreciation of their mothers

1872  schlug die damals einflussreiche Schriftstellerin, Julia W. Howe, vor,  dass amerikanischen Muettern ein offizieller Feiertag gebuehre, aber erst  ein Vierteljahrhundert spaeter wurde der Muttertag in den USA eingefuehrt.
Anna Jarvis aus Philadelphia griff die Idee wieder auf und startete am 9.  Mai 1907, dem 2. Todestag ihrer Mutter, einen Werbefeldzug fuer einen  offiziellen Muttertag, einem Ansuchen, dem Praesident Woodrow Wilson am  8. Mai 1914 fuer jeden zweiten Sonntag im Mai stattgab.

Neben dem  Brauch, an diesem Tage eine farbige Nelke zu Ehren der lebenden Muetter  zu tragen oder eine weisse in Angedenken fuer die bereits gestorbenen,  setzte sich von da an auch das Versenden oder Uebergeben von  Muttertagskarten durch.
Heute gibt es nicht nur Karten mit Texten  fuer die leibliche Mutter sondern auch solche fuer die "Stiefmutter" oder  "wie eine Mutter".

Nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg setzte sich der  Brauch auch auf dem europaeischen Festland durch, zunaechst in Oesterreich  und Skandinavien; in Deutschland erstmals 1922/23.

Zum Andenken an meine liebe Mutter

With loving thoughts to my mom

08.Mai 1991

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